The Issues

Wars and conflicts erupt, subside and end. But they leave behind millions of landmines, unexploded bombs and unsecure arms. These pose an every-day danger for decades and disrupt the lives of communities for generations.


Landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) – the bombs, rockets, missiles, mortars and grenades that did not explode when they were used and still pose a risk of detonation – kill and injure thousands of men, women and children every year.

Residents of a village in DRC walk past a mine sign

These residents of Dongo village in the Democratic Republic of Congo live close to a minefield being cleared by MAG.

Photo: Sean Sutton/MAG

Mines and UXO are indiscriminate killers. They don’t obey peace accords or ceasefire agreements. They can lie in the ground for decades after a conflict is over, killing or maiming those trying to re-establish their lives and livelihoods.

They also trap people in danger and poverty, preventing them from using their land. People affected by conflict have no choice but to live with this daily risk.

Imagine living in constant fear. Fear for your life and for your children. Under-18s are most vulnerable, accounting for nearly half of those killed or injured by mines and UXO. 

These landmines and unexploded bombs are not being cleared fast enough for the millions of people who still live around them, in fear, every day. This issue can be dealt with more quickly. It has to be dealt with more quickly. We need to do more, faster, to free people from fear, to free them to rebuild their lives.

Thanks to our donors and supporters, MAG makes land safe, freeing people from danger and fear.

More than this, MAG’s work in some of the world’s poorest communities makes it possible for children to go to school in safety, gives better access to health services, and empowers people to make a better living.

Crucially, it enables other organisations to safely deliver humanitarian aid and development projects.


Risk education in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

The ongoing violence in Iraq is placing communities at an increased risk from explosive weapons.  Risk education sessions like this are one way in which MAG is helping.

Photo: Sean Sutton/MAG

New conflicts are also putting even more people at risk. People are forced from their homes to take refuge in unfamiliar areas and unfamiliar circumstances. They face unknown dangers from landmines and unexploded bombs.

The ongoing crisis in Syria, violence in Iraq and instability in South Sudan mean the need to help vulnerable people is as big as ever.

The families who’ve fled their homes in fear for their lives find themselves in danger from explosive weapons left over from old conflicts in neighbouring regions and countries. They need our help.

At MAG, we believe that whenever and wherever wars happen, ordinary people should not be the ones who pay the price.


Illicit – or black market – weapons and munitions sustain conflict and fear, and fuel armed violence against women, girls, boys and men, including sexual violence. They are also a key driver of fragility and prevent the stability that enables poverty reduction and socio-economic growth.

Through our  arms management and destruction programmes, MAG helps to tackle the illegal arms trade.


The aftermath of the Brazzaville explosion

The aftermath of the explosion in the Republic of Congo that killed 282 people and injured thousands.

Unplanned explosions at munitions sites (UEMS) can create humanitarian emergencies. UEMS can cause immediate loss of life, injury and disability as well as destroying homes, schools and other civilian infrastructure.

Dangerous and unstable munitions can be scattered over large distances, often kilometres away.

Such incidents can have numerous primary causes. These range from fires, lightning strikes, spontaneous ignition of unstable propellant and the incorrect storage of hazard division classes and hazard compatibility groups (in other words, munition types).

A key aim of MAG's  arms management and destruction work is to reduce the risk of devastating explosions from happening, and reduce the impact on civilians and civilian infrastructure of any explosions that occur.


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